Buddhism & The Occult.

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Buddhism & The Occult.

Yab-Yum

 

By Daniel Scharpenburg

 

I’ve argued in the past that Buddhism is not a religion in the traditional sense.

It’s often compared to religion and that is understandable. Sometimes Buddhist teachers are referred to by words like monk, nun, priest, etc. I’ve even heard terms like bishop and archbishop used.

That implies a connection, a similarity between Buddhism and traditional Western religion that I think doesn’t exist. But, that doesn’t mean that the Buddha talked about spiritual truths that were simply unheard of in the West.

Buddhism is a mystical path that involves engaging the spiritual journey in order to find ultimate truths and connections for oneself. It’s about spiritual seeking, fundamental insights into the nature of reality.

And there are Western mystical paths too.

In fact, mysticism has existed throughout all of human history. Even in ancient times—long before civilization—shamans set themselves apart from the rest of society.

Similarities between Buddhism and Western mystical paths are numerous.

To name a few:

1) Joining through initiation rituals

2) Meditation practices

3) Levels of attainment and titles

4) Vows

5) Wisdom and practice are emphasized as opposed to belief

6) Dedication to personal transformation

7) Emphasis on symbolism

It’s important to note that in the East, mystical paths have historically been celebrated (or at least tolerated) but in the West they’ve often been persecuted. As a result of this, many Western mystical teachings were sometimes obscured through metaphors. If they weren’t shrouded in this way, many of us who ended up being drawn to Buddhism might have taken other paths instead.

Many of these paths existed in secret, but in the 1800s and 1900s there was a kind of golden age. If we use words like occult, we don’t think of mystical paths today. We don’t think of practicing to achieve oneness or anything of the like. But the word occult means secret, and what we are talking about are secret spiritual paths, ones that went against traditional society.

Let’s explore a little about a few different forms of Western mysticism.

Alchemists

Alchemists were really seeking self transformation. Metaphors were used to talk about transforming lead into gold, but the truth is that the lead represents the small self that’s motivated by ego and the goal represents the true self that has transcended delusion.

[Note: some scholars disagree with this interpretation, so don’t take my opinion at face value. Do research if you’re interested.]

Gnostics

Gnostics largely wanted a personal relationship with God, rather than through an intermediary like the church or even an intermediary like a sacred text. If we really think about it, that concept isn’t all that different than the idea of dwelling in emptiness or seeing our Buddha nature.

Magical Tradition

Organizations like the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn performed different rituals, but their practice was really about building community and self transformation. Their members advanced through different stages. It’s been argued that modern Pagan religions have drawn a lot of influence from the Golden Dawn. Buddhism is the same way. We don’t talk about the levels of attainment much, but they are in the sutras.

Theosophists

Theosophists tried to build a bridge between the Western mystical tradition and Buddhism and some of their writings are very interesting. Some of the first westerners to take Buddhist vows were Theosophists.

I’ve only scratched the surface here, so I would urge you to do some research if this interests you. There is a lot of material available on the subject.

I’ll leave with a question.

Why do we use titles like Priest, Minister, Monk and Nun in Western Buddhism? Are we to assume that Buddhist teachers are the same as clergy?

Some people use the actual titles in their original languages: Roshi, Bhikkhu, Acharya, Lama, Chanshi and others. But there has been a big move to attempt to translate. If Buddhism is a mystical path, perhaps it would be more appropriate to use titles from the Western mystical tradition, titles like: Initiate, Adept and Magister?

Although at times, I think we should get rid of titles altogether.

 

Photo: buddhaabe/tumblr

Editor: Dana Gornall

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Daniel Scharpenburg

Daniel Scharpenburg is an independent dharma teacher in Kansas City. He regularly gives teachings through the Open Heart Project. Daniel has a BA in English from KU and handles paperwork for a living. Once a Novice Monk in the Korean Zen tradition, Daniel dropped out of monk school to become a regular person.
Daniel has taken the vows of a lay zen teacher and Bodhisattva Vows.

Find out more about Daniel on his blog and connect with him on Facebook, Youtube,andTwitter

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By | 2016-10-14T07:49:56+00:00 October 14th, 2015|blog, Buddhism, Featured, Interfaith|2 Comments

2 Comments


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    Torin October 15, 2015 at 10:13 am - Reply

    I have studied Vajrayana Buddhism for ten years and receives some of the Highest Yoga Tantric practices too. I was surprised how much Vajrayana Buddhist practices are interwoven in the Western Hermetic Tradition. Of course, knowing the history of Buddhism, the Dharma has been in the West at least since the time Caesar Augustus. So of course much of the practices from both Hinduism and Buddhism found their way into Occult Practices way before Mathers started writing the Golden Dawn material. When I tell my Rosicrucian friends the secrete to Rosicrucianism is the cultivation of Compassion they seem surprised by that idea like they haven’t thought of that concept. Some have they have never heard of the Cultivation of Compassion practices. I think any student of Western Occultism would benefit greatly from studying Buddhism and incorporating some of the practices in their workings. .

    • Daniel Scharpenburg October 18, 2015 at 4:36 pm - Reply

      I think some people might not be aware that a lot of important occult figures from history spent time practicing Buddhism as well. Aleister Crowley studied Buddhism a great deal. Helena Blavatsky took refuge vows before she created Theosophy.

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